Global Seed Grant Activity Board


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[Towards Organic Asia] Young Organic Farmers: Organic Agriculture Management
Towards Organic Asia Team envisions to achieve community spirit, economy sustainability, and care for nature through the organic agriculture and agroecology. We are focusing and working on 4 areas, 1) Training and Education 2) Technology and Innovation 3) Awareness and Advocacy, and 4) Next Generation and Youth. We found a critical situation in farming such as a number of farmers are decreasing, and in Thailand the average age of farmers has increased from 35 to 55 years within 25 years. Therefore, we would like to support a new generation of young pioneering leader to be equipped with technical, skill, knowledge, and value to sustain organic agriculture and agroecology and served as active guardians of the earth. We provide a collaborative platform of individual and organization to work together at national and regional level to strengthen organic agriculture / agroecology in Asia. Focusing on organic agriculture/ agroecology as the heart of global transformation. This year we are working on Young Organic Farmers: Organic Agriculture Management Online Training, and our aims are. 1. To facilitate an online learning and exchange on organic agriculture management, including climate change issue and agrarian policy for young farmers in Mekong region and Bhutan. 2. To provide learning materials on organic farming and support young organic farmers network in the region. 3. To initiate an exchange platform and collaboration among young farmers to promote and strengthen food safety and food sovereignty in the region, particularly after COVID-19 pandemic. What we have done so far. Planning for online training, we reviewed the feedbacks and comments from last year online training. Then we decided to have practical work and experience sharing for this year online training. In order to develop the training program, we have joined in many zoom meetings and discussed with various group, such as young farmers in Thailand and Bhutan, Student Club, and professors from Maejo University. By the end of June, we got the training program (topic, sub-topic, and key learning), and the date for this year training, the details are below. Organic Agriculture Management:Practical Work Experience from Maetha Community Online Training, Between 21-27 August 2021 (13:30 – 16:00 Bangkok Time) Date Topic Sub-Topic / Discussion / Key Learning 21 Aug 2021 13.30-14.30 Introduction Participants Presentation/ Background -  Getting to know each other -  Drawing expectation 14.30-14.45 Break 14.45-16.00 Young Farmers Group and Network in Thailand - Capacity Building and Empowerment - How to support young farmers 22 Aug 2021 13.30-16.00 Sombath’s Public Lecture Permaculture: Practical Experience Practical Experience for Community Development and Food Movement -  Sombath’s Works and Life -  Permaculture Principle -  Practical Permaculture Experience 23 Aug 2021 13.30-14.30 Global Issues on Organic Agriculture Climate Actions 14.30-14.45 Break 14.45-16.00 Climate Adaptation and Seeds Law Local Issue and Practices 24 Aug 2021 13.30-14.30 Organic Seeds Local Seeds / Organic Seeds Production 14.30-14.45 Break 14.45-16.00 Soil Fertility and Soil Management: Feed the soil and soil will feed the plant Natural Compost, Earthworm Compost / Food Waste Compost 25 Aug 2021 13.30-16.00 Water Management Dripping System / Sprinkle System 26 Aug 2021 13.30-16.00 Markets and OrganicCertification -  Maetha Organic / Maetha Cooperative -  Community Support Agriculture (CSA) -  Maetha Online Product 27 Aug 2021 13.30-14.30 Media and Publication* - Story Telling* 14.30-14.45 Break 14.45-16.00 - Personal Planning - Evaluation and Follow up Plan - Reflection - Certificate Preparing Learning and Training Materials, we worked on the poster and online application form, in parallel with training program development. The poster and the application were launched on the website and social media by 5 July. The application is now closed, we have got 184 applicants from 15 countries (Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brazil, Cambodia, Egypt, Fiji, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippine, Sri-Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam). In term of gender, there are male (53.3%), female (46.2%), and others (0.5%). And 81.5% of the 184 applicants have shown the interest to participate the whole program. What we will do next. The online training will be held in August. We already have a plan for the coming online training as follows.Finalize the participant list Finalize the participant list Re-confirm the resource person Produce training handbook and other learning material. Organize the online training 21-21 August 2021 After the training, we also have a plan to produce learning materials using the key learning, highlight, and conclusion of the training, to share with young farmers and others who cannot join this online training. Our tentative plan* for the learning materials, we would like to share about the technical skills, local wisdoms, new paradigm, and right livelihood. Photo (Technical Skills) by NEED Myanmar Photo (Right Livelihood) by NEED Myanmar
[Youth in Focus Foundation] Minimizing workplace accidents, for a healthier workplace
1.Project description This project was intended to address incidences of workplace accidents among industrial and construction workers. The intervention has empowered (through awareness and trainings) employees and employers in this sectors to provide workers with right equipment and ensure fairness in compensation in-case of workplace injuries / fatalities. The project intends to work with the ministry of labor to empower workers on grievance mechanisms and litigation as means of seeking justice for victims .The project will be implemented in the informal settlements of Mukuru Viwandani, and Mukuru Kayaba wards of Embakasi East sub-county, Nairobi county in Kenya, intends to create awareness / education on industrial safety and occupational health so as to reduce workplace accidents / incidents that have been so rampant in Nairobi industrial area. 2. Project progress up to now The project so far has been able to We (Youth in Focus Foundation) enhanced the project visibility; acceptability and ownership among various stakeholders by conducting a one day stakeholder’s forum to enable the target population understand and have an ownership of the project. The one day stake-holders forum was conducted on 26th May 2021 at Landi Mawe Community Resources Centre. The forum was attended by representatives from Directorate of Occupation Safety & Health Department (DOSH) of Nairobi County Government, Norwich Construction representatives, Damji Steel Millers representatives and Sagoo Glass Merchant representatives. For the project to be visible, two (2) project banners have been designed and developed with workplace safety advocacy statements. By intervening workplace accidents and incidences, the project has so far trained 60 industrial and construction workers with knowledge and skills on safety measures within the workplace. They already have the required knowledge on Personal Protective Equipment’s  - PPE’s which include safety belts, retaining belts, safety ropes, safety harness and catch nets to prevent being hit by falling materials and falling from heights. In order to improve safety in the construction industry, the project has enhanced their capacities in negotiating and drafting of job description contracts. As a knowledge multiplier effect, the 60 target group workers were trained to be Trainer of Trainees (ToT’s) and will directly reach at least 15 co-workers with workplace safety information and envisaged to reach to a total of approximately 900 industrial and construction workers. The trainings were held at Huruma Community Resource Centre between (June 3rd & June 14th for both Industrial and Construction workers). So far all the trainings have taken place as planned, and one follow-up meeting has been held in collaboration with the Nairobi County Department of Occupational Safety & Health (DOSH). During the follow-up, YIFF wanted to identify with the trained participants on how the skills they acquired during the trainings are of help during their day-day work, how their employers are adhering to the required safety standards as stipulated.  At Damji Steel Mills where we visited, workers have initiated a knowledge sharing program, whereby twice weekly, they conduct awareness sessions on workplace safety, employer – employee contract development and how to claim for benefits as well as how negotiate for a fair compensation and contracts. 3. Project plan forward Describe your plan for the time remaining. Any improvements, cautions, and expectations for future activities Between now and project end i.e. October, YIFF will strive to complete the remaining project interventions / activities. (Follow-up forums with project beneficiaries, their employers and project stakeholders) Through the project partnerships, YIFF has secured 3 invites in a local community radio for a breakfast show to talk about the project and reach out to a wider construction and Industrial workers audience, 4. Pictures
A total of workers 147 recruited in this examination, who were performed by spirometry 130, x ray 144. Their  86.4% were male, 23.7% female with age 37.2±9.9. Working years 5.97±5.57. The BMI were normal weight 37.2±9.9, underweight 4.2% (6), overweight 34.5% (49), obesity 16.2% (23), obesity III 4.9% (7). X ray results were evaluated by guidelines for the use of the International Labor Organization international classification of radiographs of pneumoconioses (revised edition 2011). Asthma and allergic diseases woman were higher than man and Pneumoconiosis were in man higher than woman (Table 1). Disease incidence by gender                                        Table 1 Disease Male % (n=127) Female % (n=20) Total % (n=147) Underweight 4.2 (6) 0 (0) 4.2 (6) Over weight 25.0 (5) 36.1 (44) 34.5 (49) Obesity 16.4 (20) 15.0 (3) 16.2% (23) Over obesity 2.5 (3) 20.0 (4) 4.9% (7) Hypertention 37.4 (46) 25.0 (5) 35.7 (51)* Chronic bronchitis 9.8 (12) 5.3 (1) 9.2 (13) Asthma 2.4 (3) 21.1 (4) 4.9 (7) * COPD 2.4 (3) 0 (0) 2.1 (3) Allergic rhinitis 5.7 (7) 26.3 (5) 8.5 (12) * Pneumoconiosis 19.2 (24) 5.3 (1) 17.4 (25) Old tuberculosis of lung 4.1 (5) 0 (0) 3.5 (5) p<0.05 Work dust exposure divided into the 2 groups that was High exposure and low exposure. High exposure workers have working underground mining (drilling, blasting).  Low exposure workers have working packaging, grinding, washing and concentrating. High exposure group was younger than low exposure group but their working years higher than low exposure. Pulmonary function was same in groups.(Table 2). Pulmonary function by working condition               Table 2 Өвчлөл High exposure (n=48) Low exposure  (n=82) Total  (n=130) Age (year) 33.3±6.8 39.9±10.7 37.2±9.9* Gender (%, n) 42.3 (52) 10.0 (2) 37.8 (54)* Working years (year) 7.02±3.7 5.2±6.4 5.9±5.6* Smoking index (box/year) 179.4±198.5 164.0±218.0 170±210 Vital Capacity (VC) (%) 85.3±12.5 85.6±14.1 95.9±18.3 Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) (%) 98.8 ±19.5 94.3±17.4 79.1±13.4 Forced Expiratory Volume1 (FEV1)( %) 80.6±14.4 78.2±12.8 85.4±13.5 p<0.05 Forced Expiratory Volume One second was decreased by 80% workers had  59.2% (77)  which had  48.9% (23) in high exposure group and low exposure group had 65.2% (54) (Table 3).   Disease incidence in working condition                               Table 3 Pulmonary function High exposure % (n=47) Low exposure % (n=83) Total % (n=130) VC<80% 29.8 (14) 31.5 (26) 30.8 (40) FVC< 80%-иас буурсан 19.1 (9) 15.7 (13) 16.9 (22) FEV1< 80%-иас буурсан 48.9 (23) 65.1 (54)    59.2 (77)* p<0.05 Chest x ray results were compared 2 groups. Costphrenic angle closed were higher in high exposure group. (Table 4). Chest x ray results in working condition                    Table 4 Chest x ray High exposure % (n=56) Low exposure % (n=88) Total  % (n=144) Lung lucent 3.6 (2) 1.1(1) 2.1 (3) Lung pattering increase 21.4 (12) 20.7 (18) 21.3 (30) Hypertrophy left side of heart 12.5 (7) 18.4 (16) 16.1 (23) Pleural thickening 1.8 (1) 2.2 (2) 2.1 (3) Costphrenic angle 10.7 (6) 2.3 (2) 5.6 (8)* p<0.05 The chest x ray with nodular opacity (ILO 2011 guideline) high was in high exposure group. (Table 5). Table 5 The chest x ray with nodular opacity in  The chest x ray High exposure % (n=56) Low exposure % (n=88) Total  % (n=144) No nodular infiltration 66.1 (37) 93.3 (81) 82.9 (118) 0/0 1.8 (1) 5.6 (5) 4.1 (6) 0/1 7.1 (4) 0.0 (0) 2.7 (4) 2/1 5.4 (3) 0.0 (0) 2.1 (3) 2/2 3.6 (2) 0.0 (0) 1.4 (2) 2/3 1.8 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.7 (1) 3/+ 5.4 (3) 0.0 (0) 2.1 (3) 3/2 1.8 (1) 1.1 (1) 1.4 (2) 3/3 7.1 (4) 0.0 (0) 2.7(4) p<0.01 The small, regular nodular filtration were predominant in high exposure group of chest x ray (Table 6). Table 6 Parenchymal abnormalities in chest x ray Nodular opacity of form High exposure % (n=56) Low exposure % (n=88) Total % (n=144) No nodular infiltration 66.1 (37) 93.3 (81) 82.9 (118) p 8.9 (5) 4.4 (4) 6.2 (9) p, q 3.6 (2) 0.0 (0 1.4 (2) p, q, r 3.6 (2) 1.1 (1) 2.1 (3) p, q, t, u 1.8 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.7 (1) q 5.4 (3) 0.0 (0) 2.1 (3) q, r 5.4 (3) 0.0 (0) 2.1 (3) s 1.8 (1) 1.1 (1) 1.4 (2) s, t 1.8 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.7 (1) s, t, u 1.8 (1) 0.0 (0) 0.7 (1) p<0.01 Some disease are different in 2 groups.  (Table 7). Disease in working condition                                       Table 7 Өвчлөл High exposure   % (n=56) Low exposure % (n=87) Total % (n=143) Underweight 8.9 (5) 1.1 (1) 4.2 (6) Normal weight 44.6 (25) 36.8 (32) 39.9 (57) Over weight 33.9 (19) 35.6 (31) 35.0 (50) Obesity 12.5 (7) 18.4 (16) 16.1 (23) Over obesity                         0 (0) 8.0 (7) 4.9 (7) * Hypertention 32.1 (18) 37.9 (33) 35.7 (51) Chronic bronchitis 10.7 (6) 8.1 (7) 9.2 (13) Asthma 0 (0) 8.1 (7) 4.9 (7)* COPD 3.6 (2) 1.2 (1) 2.1 (3) Allergic rhinitis 8.9 (5) 8.1 (7) 8.5 (12) Pneumoconiosis 32.1 (18) 8.0 (7) 17.5 (25)* Old tuberculosis of lung 5.4 (3) 2.3 (2) 3.5 (5) p<0.05 Work time is 8 hours per day in 59% of workers. Workers were participated of 27.8%(40) in mask education workshop. Now using mask is not good for them. (Figure 1). Figure 1. Worker protect mask Multiple logistic regression analysis described that some significant risk factors, including the working condition, working of over the 5 years had independent significantly with high risk for the pneumoconiosis (OR 3.5, 95% CI 1.21-10.0, p<0.01), and (OR 5.9, 95% CI 1.62-21.4, p<0.01), respectively (Table 8). Multiple logistic regression analysis                            Table 8 Эрсдэлт хүчин зүйлс OR CI 95% р value 1. Drilling, blasting 3.5 1.21-10.0 p<0.01 2. Smoking 2.0 0.41-9.94 p>0.05 3. Gender (male) 1.1 0.08-14.3 p>0.05 4. Working years 5> 5.9 1.62-21.4 p<0.01 Personal sampling of respirable dust (n=10) and total dust was carried out during two consecutive days in one mine. The percentile crystalline silica content and the combustible content of respirable dust were 24 and 2.9, respectively (MNS 6657:2017, MNS 5366:2004). Work result and reports were introduced to Mrs Baljmaa.D Head of Public Health center of Bayankhongor province, doctor Bayanmunkh.Ts Head of department of Infection disease of Bayankhongor General Hospital and Tserendamba.J Director of Small-Scale Mining of community. Furthermore we have introducing to director of Health and Safety Solution LLC and planning of future works. Conclusion : Pneumoconiosis, lung tuberculosis and underweight more incidence in higher exposure group and obesity, hypertention and asthma more incidence in lower exposure group in n small-scale mining of Bayankhongor province. Working condition, working of over the 5 years had independent significantly with high risk for the pneumoconiosis The exposure to respirable crystaline silica was high during underground small scale mining. In the poor quality of personal equipment, the in the Tsagaan tsakhir area presumably at a high risk of developing pneumoconiosis. We will introduced our work results to  Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare, Ministry of Mining and Heavy industry.
[HRDF] Sustainable Agriculture and food security through Promote Community based Organic Farming Practice for their Food Secur
Introduction Human Resource Development Foundation (HRDF) has committed to carry out 5 months project titled Sustainable Agriculture and food security through Promoting Community based Organic Farming Practices with the support of Korea SHE Foundation for the food security and Economic Stability of rural women farmers at HRDF target areas in Chengalpattu District, Tamilnadu, INDIA. Based on this, HRDF has implemented 2 key activities, village level orientation meetings and capacity building training on organic farming for rural women farmers. The brief report for the activities are as follows.   2. Village level orientation meetings HRDF has conducted 3 one day village level orientation meetings for strengthening the women organic farmers groups in 3 villages. These orientation meetings were facilitated by the program coordinators of HRDF. 120 marginalized women farmers participated in these meetings. The women farmers were sensitized on the project concept, implementation process, role of the project beneficiaries, importance of organic farming and its basic inputs and collective farming system. Capacity building training for rural women farmers on organic farming HRDF has conducted 2 days training for rural women farmers on sustainable organic farming practices at Anoor village, Thriukazhukundram Taluk. 40 women farmers, HRDF staff and resource persons participated in the training. Objectives of the training To promote the skills of rural women on organic farming To encourage sustainable organic farming practices To create awareness on protecting natural resources and environment at rural area. To promote collective farming among rural women. Mr. Subbu – an organic farming scientist, Mr. Dayalan – Director of HRDF, Ms. Jegadeswari, organic farming trainer, Sivasakthi  - Trainer cum program coordinator of HRDF gave their valuable inputs in the training on  various aspects of organic farming as follows Organic farming and the development of rural women Soil fertility and seed processing procedures Water management and seasonal cropping Preparation and application of organic crop tonics, nature manure and organic pesticides Intercrop and multi cropping methods The trainers clearly explained the importance and benefits of organic farming. Particularly the women farmers were clearly taught on the importance of soil fertility, how to increase the soil fertility by ploughing the land using naturally available manure such humus leaves, cattle dung, green manure, alluvial soil, vermin compost etc., summer ploughing, soil treatment and soil rotation systems were also taught. Moreover the participants were practically taught on preparation of nature crop growth tonics and organic pest control liquids by direct demonstration. They taught on the preparation of Panchakaviya, Amirthakaraisal, fish acid solution, ginger-garlic-chilly solution, Themorkaraisal, Jeevamirtham which helps to good germinability good growth and yield of crops and control the pest attacks also improve the soil fertility. The beneficiaries were practically taught on Seed processing is one of the most important processes in organic farming. Processing of seeds helps to good growth, good yield, nutritious of crops. There area various types of seed processing’s are followed in organic farming. Collecting of indegeneious country seeds and process them using salt water liquid solution, poanchakavya mixture with ingredient of dung and urine of  cow and goat, Banana, curd, country sugar. The seeds should be soaked in the solutions for 24 hours. The women farmers were sensitized on water management in farming. They were explained on Micro irrigation, spray irrigation, sprinkler irrigation systems which are very much useful in organic farming which takes less usage of irrigation water and avoid water wastage and it helps to bring the water directly to the crop roots. All the participants were encouraged to farm home vegetable garden at their residents and the process for farming home vegetable garden was taught to them. Tomato, Bhindi, egg plant, Chilly, beans and Lettuce are suggested for home vegetable garden. Training materials (Educational materials) on organic farming were prepared and provided to the women farmers for easy learning. Particularly the educational posters on preparation of natural manure, crop growth tonics, organic pest control liquids, vermi compost, water management systems, seeds processing and methods of water conservation irrigation systems. This two and half month period project implementation has made the project women farmers to have clear understanding on organic farming systems and its values. And they have been equipped with knowledge and practical skills to involve in organic farming which will lead them to a sustainable organic farming practices in their respective villages.
[Green] Sustainable Agriculture in Rain-fed Lands of Women Farmers
Project description Problems to be solved: The project area of the proposed project is hot and dry. Hence, the small and marginal farmers used to cultivate their lands with indigenous millet and paddy varieties which are drought resistant and quite resilient to a variety of agro-climatic adversities. However, the introduction of Green Revolution has changed the scenario upside down. The farmers have started depending upon hybrid seeds, chemical fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides which resulted in the degradation of their lands. In addition, the emerging climate change scenario has affected their cultivation process resulting in loss of income, indebtedness and the women have lost their precious assets. Project purpose: Therefore, GREEN having consultations with women farmers decided to bring back the traditional farming practices with indigenous crop varieties as a solution to address the above-mentioned problems. The basic idea is to involve women farmers in traditional farming with restoration of native livestock system. The targeted women farmers would be trained to traditional paddy and millet farming practices and produce and use low cost environment-friendly inputs and repellants with return of women’s role in the decision-making process on cropping pattern and conservation of native seed and livestock through effective management techniques. Planned Activities: So as to reach our project purpose, we have decided to implement the following activities with the active participation of 100 women farmers selected from 500 women Self Help Groups having a total membership of more than 6,000 women members. The activities include: Orientation to women farmers Capacity building / Intensive Training to Women Farmers Training on gender and agriculture Land and Water resource management Integrated livestock management Intercropping System Crop production/ protection techniques Filed Demonstration on Crop protection methods Training on Value Addition and food processing Marketing Establishment of village level seed bank and agro service centre Establishment of farm level vermicomposting unit Livelihood support for women farmers : Providing inputs for effective land management and water conservation indigenous paddy for 100 acres of Paddy, 50 acres of vegetables, 50 acres of Millets and cultivation of fodder Livelihood support to landless women farmers: Supporting Landless women farmers through Marketing, and Providing Milch Animal through Bank loan Providing Technical Guidance and Exposure visit to pioneer farmers field Linkages with government departments Advocacy and lobbying for policy changes to promote indigenous paddy cultivation and millet cultivation, reorganization of women as a farmer and millet Formation of women farmers collective / Producers Association   2. Project progress up to now Selection Criteria: As reported earlier, we selected 115 women farmers with few fixed criteria. The criteria included (1) ownership of a minimum of one acre of farmland, (2) experience in dry land farming a minimum of 5 years, (3) a member of a women SHG, and, (4) a minimum educational qualification of reading and writing the alphabets. With these criteria we also selected 50 landless women agricultural laborers excepting the first criteria of land ownership since they are landless. The Team members selected the beneficiaries in their respective 10 villages during the first week of June, 2020 for the purposes of implementing the proposed project. Orientation Program: As planned, we organized an orientation training for women farmers in June 18 to 25, 2020. It was a one-day program spread over a period of five days held in five villages covering 165 women participants (115 women farmers and 50 landless agricultural women laborers) from 10 villages. The purpose of the orientation program was to make the women beneficiaries aware of the objectives and the key components of the proposed project. The program included description of the basic idea of the entire program with an introductory session. It was followed by self-introduction by respective participants informing about their name, village, occupation, experience in farming, family, etc. Our Team members headed by P.S. Bose also participated in the orientation program as resource persons. The other Team members are J. Senthil Kumar, Mutheeswaran, Kannan, and Ms. T. Ananthi. The team members explained the goals and objectives of the program, the context, the contents, proposed activities, time plan, and the expected results. The program was intercepted with input sessions, plenary sessions, group discussions, report presentations, and a concluding session at the end. Intensive Training Process: We started the intensive training program involving 115 women farmers. P.S. Bose, the leader, and J. Senthil Kumar, the Consultant resourced the training process. This intensive training is an on-going training process. It is divided into two sessions – (1) theoretical sessions and (2) practical sessions. During the theoretical sessions, so far, we have covered topics like (1) Training on gender and agriculture, (2) Land and Water resource management, (3) Integrated livestock management, and (4) Intercropping System, (4) Crop production/ protection techniques, and, (5) Field Demonstration on Crop protection methods. We adopted the same training methodology as in the Orientation Program to train the participants during the theoretical sessions. Mr. Mutheeswaran, Mr. Kannan, and Ms. T. Ananthi also trained the participants on and off the fields. For the purposes of practical training on intensive farming based on traditional farming practices, we engaged the selected women farmers in their respective rain fed lands amounting to approximately 225 acres. They started the practical training first by preparing their lands with tillers and bullocks. Since our project area has a good monsoon from the usual South West monsoon starting from June, every year, we have a series of ploughing activities during the months of June and July. Soon after the tilling process, their first priority was the selection of seeds and improving the fertility of the soil. Hence, we involved them in establishing Seed Banks and vermicomposting units. Establishment of Village level Seed Banks:  During the reporting period of June to August, with the active participation of beneficiaries, we were able to procure 2 indigenous paddy varieties, viz., Mapillai Samba and Poongar and 2 minor millet varieties, viz., Barnyard millet and Little millet from an Organic Farmer Producer Company located in Pudukkottai district. So as to store and distribute the seeds to the participants, we involved women from 5 villages to set up 5 Seed Banks in their villages in July, 2020. These Seed Banks distributed seeds to women farmers as per their requirements at free of cost in August, 2020. The beneficiaries who received the seeds were expected to pay back the same seeds double the size soon after completing their harvest successfully. With this understanding, the Seeds Banks were established and seeds were distributed. This activity was coordinated by Team member Mr. Mutheeswaran. Establishment of Vermicomposting Units: Similarly, we established 10 vermicomposting beds in ten villages. During the composting process, we involved the trainee participants to educate them about the vermicomposting process. The participants collected the green leaves during the month of June and August and put them into the beds for mulching. During the month of July and August, we involved them in stirring the mulched manure and poured cow dung into bed on a layer basis. We also introduced earthworms into the beds. Mr. Kannan, one of the team members, coordinated the program. During the month of August, the ten beds supplied 200 bags of vermicomposting manure. All the manure were supplied to women farmers and they in turn spread the manure across their rain fed lands. Livelihood support for women farmers: We involved women farmers in dividing their lands as different sections for the cultivation of paddy, vegetables, millets, and fodder varieties. These activities were held during June, July and August. It also included training them on livestock development and management. We negotiated with local banks, arranged loans and distributed loans to 20 women farmers to buy goats for rearing. Ms. T. Ananthi, the trainer, coordinated this activity. Livelihood support to landless women farmers: During the month of July and August, we arranged for bank loans to 50 women to buy goats and set up poultry farms. We also arranged a training program on livestock development and management inviting the local veterinary doctor. Exposure Visit: We organized an exposure visit to a biotech farm called as RK Biotech Farm situated in one of our target villages, viz., Odaipatti. In the month of July 2020, we organized a program taking 25 women farmers to visit and to learn the different activities carried out in this farm. Ms. T. Ananthi, the trainer, coordinated this activity. Linkages with government departments: So far we have established linkages with 5 commercial banks, departments of agriculture, horticulture, and veterinary services. We are utilizing their services for the intensive farming practices by women farmers. Now women farmers are approaching the officials of these departments for subsidies and other benefits offered by both the central and state governments. Advocacy and lobbying: We have invited key farmers, politicians, intellectuals, professors, teaching faculty members from nearby agricultural college as part of our efforts to promote advocacy and lobbying for policy changes to promote indigenous paddy cultivation and millet cultivation, and reorganization of women as a farmer. This activity was carried out during the month of August, 2020 coordinated by S. Bose, the Team leader.   3. Project plan forward In addition to continuing the above activities as processes during September and October, 2020, we look forward to undertake training on Value Addition and food processing, and Marketing and initiation of formation and registration of a Farmer Producer Company during September and October, 2020. We have noticeable improvements in terms of acquisition of organic farming practices, skills, preparation of low cost inputs, selection of indigenous seeds, establishment of Seed Banks, vermicomposting units, livelihood support to women farmers, exposure visit, linkages with government departments and commercial banks,  and advocacy activities for policy changes during the last three months of project implementation. We expect to continue the same activities during the rest of the project period, including training on value addition and marketing during September, 2020 and initiating the process of formation and registration of a Women Farmers’ Producer Company during the month of October.   4. Photos We have enclosed 10 photos of 2 to 10 MB size. While taking photos, we got the permission of concerned persons through writing and they gave us the permission to use them and publish them in appropriate forums.
[Big Trees Project] Development of educational material and training program for urban tree care professionals in Thailand
1. Project description Thailand is blessed with a tropical climate where trees are active all year round, but our country seriously lacks knowledge and professionals to take care of trees. That is why urban trees are damaged or killed. If properly maintained, they could actually live much longer to help take care of urban dwellers’ health. Thai tree care professionals and volunteers need to continue developing our knowledge and skills using digital format and essential field training when possible. Our goal is to produce material in Thai, in text and visual digital formats, which will continue to be useful in the future even when covid-19 is over. The material can be used both online and for in-person training to improve urban tree care standards in Thailand.   2. Project progress up to now - June: We developed and produced the following content and media Principles of urban tree care (Prof.Decha Boonkham) • Script development • Production • Broadcast • In-person training for city staff and volunteers - How to prune a tree (Thai Arboriculture Association) • Clip production • Broadcast • In-person training - Tree risk assessment (Thai Arboriculture Association) • Training material in print form • In-person training for tree care staff • Shooting of tree risk assessment to be used in digital form later -Glossary of arboriculture terms (translation committee) • Translation committee formed, consisting of professional translators, arborists, landscape architects and landscape technology specialists • Permission granted by International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) to translate the glossary into Thai • MOU signed with ISA - July: How to make compost / fertilizer from food waste (By our partner "My City Farm" on Facebook) • Content development • Production • Online release via Facebook (for general public) - How to plant a tree (infographic) - draft Root management • Permission granted by International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) to translate into Thai • First draft of translation of text on Root Management by ISA • Designer of infographic briefed and working on first draft - Glossary of arboriculture terms (translation committee) • First draft of Translation completed, being reviewed   3. Project plan forward August: "How to plant a tree" infographic finalized Tree risk assessment - video production Tree pruning and climbing - video production Root management - translation and infographic finalized Urban Tree Care Guidelines - translated and compiled September Tree pruning, climbing - video broadcast Root management - infographic publicized Seminar on Urban Tree Care Guidelines in Thai for partners and city staff Glossary of Arboriculture Terms publicized by Thai Arboriculture Association October Digital content - release and assessment by participants Translated texts - publication and assessment Any improvements, cautions, and expectations for future activities • For the remaining time in this project, we should try to improve on project coordination, so that it moves faster, make the digital releases more widely publicized and also have regular meetings with our team so we work more efficiently • Also, the team should practice more on their digital production skills, so their finished work is of better quality and more interesting   4. Photos
I: PROJECT STATUS “Enhancing urban food security through sustainable agri-business and youth empowerment” This intervention is aimed at changing the negative mindset among young people towards agriculture a. Further, it addresses the high levels of unemployment among the urban youth and improve health through high value nutrition of Nairobi Residents of Mathare informal settlement focusing on those with lifestyle diseases and infants under 5 years of age. This will involve capacity building of women and youth group leaders on dairy goat, poultry and horticulture farming in urban set-up and cascading the same to their group members and the general community. Further, more people will be reached through online learning and sharing of agri-business information in Kenya, regionally and internationally once the interactive website is established. Since June 2020, through the support of Korea SHE Foundation, Huruma Town Youth Group (HTYG) is implementing a 5 months project entitled “Enhancing urban food security through sustainable agri-business and youth empowerment” in Mathare Sub-county, Nairobi County in Kenya. The project purpose is a ‘’Food secure urban poor and youth livelihoods in informal settlements ‘ with the objectives ; 1: To empower 30 youth group leaders in agri-business in Kenya, Nairobi County from June to October 2020 and 2:To provide an online information hub to youth in agri-business in Kenya, regional and international. To achieve these objectives, we have conducted the following activities; Activity 1.1: Half-day project launch meeting for 20 key stakeholders; Activity 1.2: Training 20 youth group leaders on agri-business for 3 days and Activity 2.1: Establishing an interactive website and Facebook page for online learning.   II: PROJECT PROGRESS To execute the planned activities Huruma Town Youth Group (HTYG) implementation committee held 2 planning meetings. The purpose of the planning meetings was to allocate responsibilities, set date, and identify venue, participants, program and logistics. On 26th June, HTYG conduct the project launch held at Huruma Community Hall to popularize and give visibility to the project outline the objective, activities and expected outcomes. The meeting involved women and youth group leaders. Similarly, in attendance were Nairobi County Government Officials namely Livestock Officer, Agriculture officer and personal assistant to Huruma Ward Member of County Assembly (MCA) who represented the MCA. On 22nd, 23rd and 24th July 2020, HTYG conducted a three days capacity building to 30 women and youth leaders at Huruma Community Hall. The training involved Horticulture farming, Poultry Keeping, Dairy Goat and Pig Raring in an urban set-up. Further, the training involved practicals  / field demonstration on horticulture, poultry keeping and dairy goat raring. HTYG has also established interactive online platforms such website ( including other social media platforms such as tweeter, Instagram, facebook and Watsup. Further, to enhance our communication, HTYG has purchased a laptop, camera to support in documentation. For visibility purposes, HTYG produced a project roll-up banner and organizational roll-up banner as well.   III: Project Plan Forward After the capacity building exercise for the women and youth leaders on urban Agri-business, the meeting came up with a call for action moving forward as follows; Follow-ups- HTYG agreed with the participants that the group would conduct on-site extension services to the trained groups upon request. HTYG has already initiated the on-site extension services to Mathare River   and Scalaton Youth Groups. The extension services involved poultry keeping and horticulture farm set-up. Further, HTYG donated start-up stock to the groups as beginners. Other groups such as Kibichoi and Huruma Town Green Peace has made their requests, which HTYG is considering for support. Online training-HTYG will set-up and administrate an online platform to engage the Mathare Sub-County Farmers. This platform will be used to ask farming questions and answers provided by HTYG team. HTYG has establish a watsup and facebook online platforms for interactive agri-business sessions. The platforms are as follows; facebook(H-townyouthgroup and H-towndairygoat) and Watsup (MATHARE URBAN FARMERS ASS). These platforms are for training farmers beyond Mathare and involves technical experts such as Veterinary Officers, Local NGOs in the urban farming ecosystem. The watsup plaform already has 60 active members while the facebook accounts have over 1000 members. Trained youth leaders to train their group members and other youth and women. The trained youth leaders will be issued with training tools, which they will use to empower their group members and the general community. As a result of this action point, already 4 youth groups (Mathare River, Scalaton, Kibichoi and Hu Town Green Peace has already trained their members. HTYG is making follow-ups with other groups. Youth and women start-ups- it was agree that those groups interested in a start-up would seek for assistance from HTYG. In realizing this action point, HTYG has already supported Mathare River and Scalaton Youth Groups to begin start-up. This has been through provision of chicken and seedlings for Horticulture set-up. HTYG plans to continue pursuing these action points within the project timeline as well as after the the project closeout.    IV: PHOTOS Figure 1 Participants following proceedings during project launch on 26th June,2020 at Huruma Community Hall in Mathare Sub-county. This is through the support of Korea Safety Environment Foundation Figure2: The county Livestock officer Mr.Ezakiel Njuguna addressing participants during project launch on 26th June, 2020 in Mathare Slums. This is through the support of Korea Safety Environment Foundation Figure 3: The Chief Guest Ms. Janet Gateri who is also the Nairobi County Agriculture officer address the participants and declared the project officially launched. This is through the support of Korea Safety Environment Foundation  Figure 4: Mr. Victor Emolit Ojoo.   who is personal assistant to area members of county assembly (MCA) and representing the MCA addressing the launch meeting on 26th June, 2020 at Huruma Community Hall. This is through the support of Korea Safety Environment Foundation TRAINING AND FIELD DEMOSTRATION PHOTOS Figure 5: Huruma Town Youth Leaders training in session in Mathare slums at  Huruma Community Hall. The is through support of Korea Safety Health & Environment Foundation Figure 6 Huruma Town Youth Group on farm Urban Vegetable Farming field demonstration Youth Leaders Training in Mathare slums by Kevin Uduny. This is through support by Korea Safety Health and Environment Foundation Figure 7 Huruma Town Youth Leaders training in session in Mathare slums at  Huruma Community Hall. The is through support of Korea Safety Health & Environment Foundation Figure 8 Huruma Town Youth Group on farm Urban Vegetable Farming field demonstration Youth Leaders Training in Mathare slums by Kevin Uduny. This is through support by Korea Safety Health and Environment Foundation Figure 9:Huruma Town Youth Group on farm Urban Farming Dairy Goat field demonstration for Youth Leaders Training in Mathare slums by Sylvester Onyango. This is through support by Korea Safety Health and Environment Foundation Figure 10: Huruma Town Youth Group on farm Urban Farming Chicken raring  field demonstration for Youth Leaders Training in Mathare slums by Sylvester Onyango explaining about chick brroding. This is through support by Korea Safety Health and Environment Foundation